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Hazrat Zainab (sa): Wedding with Abdullah ibn Jafar son of Jafar-e-Tayyar

Hazrat Zainab (sa): Wedding with Abdullah ibn Jafar son of Jafar-e-TayyarAs Hazrat Zaynab (sa) grew up, many of the noblemen and great men of Arabia asked for her hand in marriage. They thought that due to their wealth and high social position they would be successful in marrying Hazrat Zaynab (sa).

For example, Ash'ath ibn-Qeis, who was one of the wealthiest men and a close relative to the first caliph, Hazrat Abu Bakr, was very dignified, and thought his closeness to the first caliph would made it possible for him to become the son-in-law of Amir Al-Muminin, Imam Ali (as).

It is said that one day he was in Imam Ali's (as) house while he saw Hazrat Zaynab (sa) passing by from a distance. Then he asked her father if he could marry her, but Amir Al-Muminin, Imam Ali (as) refused and reproached him for his arrogance.

Among the men who were eager to marry Hazrat Zaynab (sa) was Abdullah ibn Jafar. He was a close companion to Prophet Muhammad (saw) and Amir Al-Muminin, Imam Ali (as).

Abdullah ibn Jafar was the son of Jafar-e-Tayyar, the martyr whom Prophet Muhammad (saw) had mentioned that he flies in the heavens with his two wings. Jafar-e-Tayyar was the brother of Amir Al-Muminin, Imam Ali (as) and was a forerunner in Islam and Jihad. His munificence and generosity had made him very famous among the Arabs so much so that they called him "the father of the poor." His son Abdullah ibn Jafar had inherited this attitude.

All the historians refer to Abdullah ibn Jafar as a very gracious person. They have especially written about his generosity and benevolence. According to the historians, he was the foremost generous people of his time, to the extent that some have called him "the master of generosity."

Abdullah ibn Jafar was a person whom Imam Ali (as) had trust in. Later he took a great part in the Jihads along with Imam Ali (as). In the battle of Siffin he was one of the commanders of the Imam Ali's (as) army.

Like other suitors, Abdullah ibn Jafar was interested in marrying Hazrat Zaynab (sa), but felt embarrassed to state his request directly. He sent a courier to Imam Ali (as) and offered the proposal. Imam Ali (as), who saw him the best, accepted his request. But how much was the marriage-portion? Imam Ali (as) put Hazrat Zainab's (sa) dowry equal to her mother's. However, this auspicious wedding had one condition. Hazrat Zaynab (sa) should be allowed to travel along with her brother Imam Hussain (as). She should be allowed to visit her brother too. In fact, it rarely happened that they didn't meet everyday.

Finally, this wedding took place, and Hazrat Zaynab (sa) went to her husband's house. Of course, the house of Abdullah ibn Jafar, who was a very wealthy man, was a big house with lots of servants, but history witnesses that Hazrat Zaynab (sa) never got attached to worldly life.

She was a pious woman in the perfect sense. Piety (Zuhd) in her vocabulary was exactly what her father depicted, "Zuhd is that one owns the world, not that the world and its charms become the owner of the person."

The best evidence of Hazrat Zaynab's (sa) piety was that she left her comfortable and prosperous life with servants and wealth for a divine and holy goal. Just like a person who is aware of the future and its happenings, she put her condition for marriage that she should be allowed to travel with Imam Hussain (as) to fulfill that goal.

Like other women, she was very affectionate. However, whenever necessary, she was strong like a mountain in the path of Islam. Like other mothers, she was a kind and loving mother, but when it came to defending Islam and the Noble Qur'an and her religious duty, she would sacrifice her children as well.

Who is like Hazrat Zaynab (sa) in having all that wealth and not being attached to it? Who is like her, having a warm house, nice husband and children, and bear hunger and homelessness in order to fulfilling her holy goals? Is this anything except Islamic piety?

Together this young couple had five children, of whom four were sons, Ali, Aun, Muhammad, and Abbas, and one daughter, Umm-e-Kulsoom.

Hazrat Zainab (sa): Characteristics and Titles [Zahidah and Aabidah]

Hazrat Zainab (sa): Characteristics and TitlesOf her physical appearance little is known. When the tragedy of Karbala befell, Hazrat Zainab (sa) is in her mid-fifties she was forced to go out. It was then that some people remarked that she appeared as a 'shining sun' and a 'piece of the moon'.

In her character she reflected the best attributes of those who raised her. In sobriety and serenity she was likened to Ummul Momineen Hazrat Khadijah (sa), her grandmother; in chastity and modesty to her mother Hazrat Fatima Zahra (sa); in eloquence to her father Imam Ali (as); in forbearance and patience to her brother Imam Hasan (as); and in bravery and tranquility of the heart to Imam Hussain (as). Her face reflected her father's awe and her grandfather's reverence.

In Madina it was Hazrat Zainab's (sa) practice to hold regular meetings for women in which she shared her knowledge and taught them the precepts of the religion of Islam as laid out in the Noble Qur'an. Her gatherings were well-known and regularly attended. She was able to impart the teachings with such clarity and eloquence that she became known as Fasihah / Faseeha (Skillfully Fluent) and Balighah / Baleegha (Intensely Eloquent).

In the thirty-seventh year A.H. (after Hijrah), Imam Ali (as) moved to Kufa to finally take up his rightful position as Caliph (Khalifah). He was accompanied by his daughter Hazrat Zainab (sa) and her husband, Abdullah ibn Jafar.

Her reputation as an inspiring teacher among the women had preceded her. There too women would throng to her daily sittings where they all benefited from her erudition, wisdom and scholarship in the exegesis of the Noble Qur'an.

The depth and certainty of her knowledge earned her the name given to her by her nephew, Imam Zain al-Abideen, of 'Alimah Ghayr Mu'allamah', meaning 'she who has knowledge without being taught'.

Hazrat Zainab (sa) was also titled Zahidah (Abstemious) and Aabidah (Devoted Worshiper) because of her abstemiousness and piety. She found little of interest in worldly adornments, always preferring the bliss and comfort of the Next World over that of this one. Humble and of high morals, her main concern was to strive to please Allah (SWT) and in doing so she avoided anything which was the least bit doubtful.

Hazrat Zainab (sa): The Hero of Patience [Beemar-e-Karbala, Imam Sajjad (as)]

Hazrat Zainab (sa): The Hero of PatienceAfter Hazrat Fatima Zahra (sa), Hazrat Zainab (sa) is the unique hero amongst the women in the history of Islam. With her brave and outstanding character, her deep faith, and her strong belief in Allah (SWT), she had a significant role in protecting religion on its original path.

Hazrat Zainab (sa) is the message bearer of the martyrs in Karbala and the companion of Imam Hussain (as) in the important rising of Ashura. Her virtues were to such an extent that she was given titles by these meanings: the wise woman of (the tribe of) Bani Hashim, the trustworthy, the knowledgeable, the virtuous, and the ideal.

Her name always follows the name of Imam Hussain (as). Shiite historians have recognized her as the second most significant character in the tragedy of Karbala. More importantly, her role in the tragedy had great impact in keeping the movement of Ashura alive. Hence, historians consider Hazrat Zainab (sa) as the key to the victory Imam Hussain's (as) rising.

Imam Hussain (as) would show great respect for Hazrat Zainab (sa) when she would come to see him. Hazrat Zainab (sa) has narrated many sayings from her grandfather Prophet Muhammad (saw), from her father Imam Ali (as), and from her mother Hazrat Fatima Zahra (sa). Hazrat Zainab (sa) had a strong heart and eloquent language. She was brave, ascetic, pious, modest and very courageous. When Imam Hussain (as) denied paying allegiance to Yazid son of Muawiya, he left the city of Medina to go to Makkah. Hazrat Zainab (sa) accompanied him with her two children.

She devoted herself to the movement of Imam Hussain (as). She supervised the captives of the caravan after Ashura, took care of patient of Karbala (Beemar-e-Karbala), Imam Sajjad (as) when he was ill, and revealed the true evil character of the Umayyad Dynasty through her sermons. After the event of Ashura and during her stay in Damascus and Kufah as a captive, she delivered a number of sermons, which informed people of the true face of the Umayyad Dynasty and which, also became the key to the remembrance of Ashura for future generations. Moreover, when she went back to Medina, she continued to reveal the evil character of the Umayyad Dynasty by reminding people of the martyrs of Karbala. She was so patient that she became known as the "The Hero of Patience".

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Islamic Moral Stories is designed by Akramulla Syed Last Updated: Friday, February 12, 2010