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Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) and the future of Islamic Society (Muslim Ummah)

Imam Hassan and Imam Hussain (pbut)Everyone knows that amongst all decisions that Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) made and all positions that he stood for, he never allowed his personal desire or interest to affect them. And he never permitted his emotions to influence his decision on saying or doing something.

Noble Qur'an: "Nor does he (Muhammad) speak of (his own) desire. It is only a Revelation revealed." (An-Najm, 53:3-4)

Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) always thought of Allah (SWT). Thus Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) belonged to Allah (SWT), and he lived to serve the religion of Allah (SWT). Everything Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) did in his life was for the sake of Allah (SWT). In other words, he would not perform the task no matter how small or big it was, if it was not intended to serve the religion of Allah (SWT).

This does not mean that Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) had no natural emotions of any kind like other humans did. It also does not mean that he would purposely ignore and suppress his natural emotions in using them.

Moreover, when Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) expresses emotions in personal matters, without being exposed to public, they are an act of worship that will give him strength and get him closer to Allah (SWT). Yet, when these emotions are expressed in public through different incidents, such as in his lectures, they serve a much more significant matter and fall under the great Prophetic mission. The significance of Prophet Muhammad's (pbuh) words and emotions is evident in Noble Qur'an. Allah (SWT) not only declares obedience to Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) to be mandatory, but also defines him as a perfect role model in the following verses.

"O you who believe! Obey Allah and obey the Messenger and those in authority from among you." (An-Nisa, 4:59)

"Verily, you have in the Prophet of Allah an excellent model, for him who hopes to meet Allah and the Last Day and who remembers Allah much." (Al-Ahzab, 33:21)

Based on the view of Noble Qur'an, when Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) expresses his opinion, it creates an obligation on the followers of Islam (Muslims). Hence, such expression of opinion cannot be used for personal interest and influenced by personal emotions.

When we look into the life of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) through this point of view, we will come upon many narrations regarding his love toward Imam Hassan and Imam Hussain (pbut). The following are a few examples of these narrations.

Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) has said, "O Allah! This child is my son, and I love him. Love him and love all those who love him."

He (pbuh) also said, "The most beloved of my family are Hassan and Hussain."

In many of his narrations, Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) is trying to relate the issues regarding Imam Hassan and Imam Hussain (pbut) to himself in terms of belief, obligations, emotions and consciousness. For example, in a famous saying, Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) said to Imam Hassan and Imam Hussain, "I am friends with your friends and enemies with your enemies."

Leaders of the Youth of ParadiseProphet Muhammad (pbuh) has said, "He is the leader of the youth in Paradise and a representative of Allah amongst my community. His command is my command and his sayings are my sayings; whosoever follows him is from me and he who disobeys him is not from me."

Among the countless merits of the Second Imam Hassan (pbuh) was the title granted to him and his brother Imam Hussain: the Leaders of the Youth of Paradise. This epithet was designated to them by Prophet Muhammad (pbuh). According to various traditions from the Shia and Sunni sects, Prophet Muhammad's (pbuh) companions one day noticed him being overjoyed and happy. When they inquired as to why he was so delighted, he replied, "How could I not delight when angel Gabriel (Jibreel) has already come to me and brought me news of Hassan and Hussain being masters of the youths of paradise?" (Silsilat al-Ahadeeth al-Saheeha, ch. 2 p. 444; Tareekh Ibn Asakir, ch. 13 p. 209)

There are more traditions from Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) which portray the unique status of Imam Hassan and Imam Hussain (pbut) and the nine succeeding children of Imam Hussain (pbuh).

Prophet Muhammad's (pbuh) approach on Imam Hassan and Imam Hussain (pbut) and their unique education are filled with many lessons we can learn from.

The excellence of Imam Hassan (pbuh) is found in the many lofty and divine positions awarded to him and deservingly so. He is among the Twelve Imams to whom Allah (SWT) made obedience obligatory and purified from sins. Imam Hassan (pbuh) was among the five people Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) covered with his cloak (Hadith Kisa). He also helps make up one of the two most worthy and praised items Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) left us before he passed away: Noble Qur'an and Ahlul Bayt (Hadith Saqlain).

With his constant reminders, Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) was seeking to prepare Imam Hassan (pbuh) and his brother, Imam Hussain (pbuh), for the important role they had in guiding the Muslim Ummah. Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) saw it necessary to set the correct religious and political foundation of Imam Hassan and Imam Hussain (pbut) for their future role and to be a clear voice for the Muslim Ummah to remember and stand up against all sorts of alterations and wrong interpretations.

Yet, we ask ourselves, despite the many years that have passed, whether the Islamic Society (Muslim Ummah) is successful in obeying the sayings of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) to not separate Noble Qur'an and his Progeny? What responsibilities do Muslims have in practicing Prophet Muhammad's (pbuh) orders so that the Muslim Ummah will succeed?

Excellence of Hasnain al-Kareemain in the light of prophetic traditions

Noble Qur'an and Ahlul Bayt (Hadith Saqlain)Prominence of Imam Hassan ibn Ali and Imam Hussain ibn Ali - Allah's pleasure be upon them all - in the famous and authentic books of Ahle Sunnah.

1. It is reported that once, Imam Hassan (as) approached Prophet Muhammad - blessings and peace be upon him - and climbed on his shoulders. A person, (who was present) remarked, "O blessed son! What a nice steed you have". In reply, Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) declared, "And how nice a rider (too)." [Sunan al-Tirmidhi, Kitab al-Manaqib, Manaqib Abi Muhammad al-Hasan - Hadith no. 3809, Vol 5, Page 432].

2. Once, when Prophet Muhammad - blessings and peace be upon him - was in ritual prostration Imam Hassan wrapped himself on the blessed back of Prophet Muhammad - blessings and peace be upon him. Due to this, Prophet Muhammad - blessings and peace be upon him - lengthened the ritual prostration so that he (Imam Hassan) would not fall when Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) raised his head. [Musnad Abu Ya'la, Musnad Anas bin Malik, Hadith no. 3415, Vol 3, Page 21].

3. Prophet Muhammad - blessings and peace be upon him - declared: "these two sons of mine are the leaders of the youth in Paradise." [Sunan al-Tirmidhi, Kitab al-Manaqib, Manaqib Abi Muhammad al-Hasan, Hadith no. 3793, Vol. 5, Page 426].

4. Prophet Muhammad - blessings and peace be upon him - has also stated that, "Their friends are my friends, their enemies are my enemies." [Sunan ibn Maja, kitab al-Sunna, Fadl al Hasan wa al Husain, Hadith no. 143, Vol. 1, Page 96].

5. He has also stated that, "these two are the swords of the heavens." He has also stated that, "Hussain is from me and I am from Hussain. May Allah keep him as a friend who keeps Hussain as his friend. Hussain is a grandchild from among grandchildren." [Sunan al-Tirmidhi, Hadith no. 3800, Vol. 5, Page 429].

6. It is stated that once, Prophet Muhammad - blessings and peace be upon him - placed Imam Hussain on his right thigh and his own son, Sayyidina Ibrahim on his left thigh. Angel Gabriel (Jibreel) appeared to him and said, "Allah will not keep them both with the Prophet, choose one of them." Prophet Muhammad - blessings and peace be upon him - could not bear being separated from Imam Hussain and three days later, Sayyidina Ibrahim passed on to the Divine Lord. After this incident, whenever Imam Hussain came in front of him, he used to kiss him and say, 'Welcome to the one for whom I have sacrificed my own son.' [Tarikh al-Baghdad, Vol. 2, Page 200].

7. Prophet Muhammad - blessings and peace be upon him - has also declared that, "They are my sons and the sons of my daughter. O Allah! I have kept them in my friendship; You also keep them in Your friendship and keep him as Your friend who keeps them as his friends." [Sunan al-Tirmidhi, Kitab al-Manaqib, Hadith no. 3794, Vol. 5, Page 427].

8. He advised his blessed daughter Fatimah Zahra (sa), "Bring me both my sons." He used to then smell them and then hug them to his chest. [Sunan al-Tirmidhi, Kitab al-Manaqib, Hadith no. 3797, Vol. 5, Page 428].

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Islamic Moral Stories is designed by Akramulla Syed Last Updated: Thursday, December 14, 2017