As the Holy prophet of Islam was to bring a universal religion for the whole mankind and as that religion was to continue unto the end of the world, all prophets in all regions of the world informed their followers of his advent and told them to accept his religion without any 'ifs' and 'buts. In many instances, they also gave the details of his personal and family life, so that the people may easily recognize him.
It is necessary to point out that in many places, the good tiding about the Holy Prophet of Islam is followed by description of his family-members who were his successors. I have given some of such prophecies that several useful books have been written on this subject in past centuries. Important among them are:
His book in two volumes, in Persian, was published in 1891 A.D. It is a treasure of valuable research for all those who are interested in comparative religion; and almost all books written afterwards are based upon it, though few people have acknowledged this debt. The prophecies given here have been taken from these books.
- Mir-aat-ul-Makhlu-quat, by late Molvi Abdur-Rehman Chishti of India. This book was written in 1041 Hijri. It contains translations from relevant parts of the sacred books of Hinduism.
- Bassharat-Ahmadi, by late Molvi Abdul-Aziz, of Lucknow.
- Anisul-Aalaam, by late Fakhrul-Islam, Mohammad Sadique. He was an Armenian and formerly a Christian priest. He knew Latin, Greek, Hebrew, Syrian, Armenian, Persian and Arabic. He accepted Islam because of his research in the meaning of 'Paracletos' whose coming is forecasted in the Gospel of St. John. He was convinced that it refers to the Holy Prophet of Islam.
BARM UTTAR KHAND
Barm Uttar Khand is a book at Hindu religion. Late Molvi Abdur-Rehman Chishti (11th century of Hijra) translated it into Urdu, in his 'Mirratul-Makhluquaat'. According to that book, the famous Hindu Avtar, Mahadew told his wife, Parvati, all the events of future, while they were on the mountain, Kailash Parbat and Bishist Muni, his disciple, wrote it down. The relevant parts are translated here from Muqaddama Anwarul-Qur'an (by late Maulana Seyyed Rahat Husain Gopalpuri) pp. 40-43. Mahadewji says:
After six thousand years, the Almighty (God) will create a wonderful person among the children of Adam in Mundarne, which is between the seas (Arab is surrounded on 3 sides by the sea.). ... O Parvati, he will be from the loin of Kant Bunjh; (Kant Bunjh, means Servant of God, which, in Arabic becomes "Abdullah". Abdullah was the name of the father of the Holy Prophet) and he (Abdullah) will have the piety and knowledge of God like a river; so (from that river) will emerge a pearl. And the name of his wife will be 'Sank Rakhiya.' (Sank Rakhiya means 'Peaceful' which in Arabic is "Amina". Name of the mother of the Holy Prophet was Amina.) And he (i.e., Abdullah) will have read three books; and he will leave the fourth book after reading only, 'Alif, Lam, Mim ... O Parvati, he (i.e., Abdullah) will be a chief in his tribe; people from all villages will come to his door and will follow him. (Abdullah's son) will have no fear of the creatures; he will be very brave and having the knowledge of Allah, and his name will be 'MAHAMAT'. People will be astonished to see his style ... And he will not worship as the people of his tribe will be worshipping and he will tell people that "I have been told by that Almighty and Only One (God) not to indulge in such senseless worship; and I am not turning but to Allah; therefore, you should follow me." (Compare it with the ayat (13:36) of the Holy Qur'an, Say: "I am commanded to worship Allah, and not to join partners with Him. Unto Him do I call, and unto Him is my return.") O Parvati, MAHAMAT will teach his own shariat to all the creatures, by abrogating all ways of worships and all previous shariats; and he will try to make all people follow him. Gradually, countless people will come into his religion, and many of them will reach God. And as people use our Sakh era (i.e., era of Hijra), likewise, unto the end of the Kaljug (the last era) people will use the era of MAHAMAT. ... O Parvati, after him (after the death of Muhammad's son) the almighty who has none like Him, will give a daughter (Fatema, the lady of Paradise, the Chief of all the women.) to MAHAMAT who will be better than 1000 sons, and she will be very beautiful and matchless, and very perfect in the worship of God. Never shall she utter any wrong, and she will be protected from every sin big or small: and through her father she will reach nearer to God, that almighty (God) will give two sons (Imam Hasan (a.s.) and Imam Hussain (a.s.)) to the daughter of MAHAMAT, both will be handsome and beloved of God, strong, having the knowledge of God, courageous, brave and matchless in the deeds of virtue. And the Almighty will not create, after them, any human being having such perfection in hidden and known virtues.
The same two sons of MAHAMAT will be his successors; and they will have numerous children; and they will bring people into the religion of MAHAMAT day by day by their true arguments; and they will illuminate the religion of MAHAMAT and MAHAMAT will love them more than all his people, even more than his own daughter. And these two sons will be perfect in the religion of MAHAMAT: they will not do any work for their own pleasure, and all their utterances and deeds will be for the pleasure of the Almighty.
O Parvati, a few years after the death of MAHAMAT, some evil men will unjustly murder these grandsons of MAHAMAT without any cause: just for the sake of worldly greed; the whole world will become 'headless' by their death. Their killers will be Maliksh atheists, cursed in both worlds: they will have no love for MAHAMAT and will never get deliverance from Nark (i.e., Hell). But in appearance, they will remain in the religion of MAHAMAT, and gradually others also will follow them, and stubbornly will do many deeds against the way of MAHAMAT and his sons. Only a few people will remain on the path of MAHAMAT, majority will follow the path of those who killed the sons of MAHAMAT; yet in appearance they will be called followers of MAHAMAT; and in the last days of Kaljug (last era) there will be many of those hypocrites and will create disturbance in the whole world.
After that Mahadewji explains the appearance of Imam Mahdi; coming of Quiyamat and arrival into Paradise of Bibi Fatima together with her followers.
In many holy books of Hindus, mention of coming of ten prophets, has been made. So far nine have come and Hindus await the tenth. The name, which is ascribed to this Tenth Prophet, is "Kalki Avatar" (Kalki Prophet). Descriptions and symptoms, which are found in the books exactly coincide with those of Muhammad Mustafa (s.a.w.a.)
Kalki Puran is one of the holy books of Hindus. It is written in this book that the reason why this prophet will be known as "Kalki" Avatar, is that he will remove Kalki (rust and darkness) from the hearts of the people, and will prevail over all the artifices.
It is also written that people of his community will be worshipers of God.
The name of the father of Kalki Prophet is written as 'Vishnuais" a combination of two words, Vishnu (God) and ais (Servant); both put to gather mean "Servant of God". This also is the meaning of Abdullah the name of the father of Muhammad Mustafa (s.a.w.a.).
The name of Kalki prophet's mother is "Somti" which means "Trustworthy", and the name of Prophet Mohammad's (s.a.w.a.) mother is "Amina" which also means "Trustworthy".
Further it is written that Kalki prophet will have three brothers, named, KAVI, SAMAT and PARAK.
Aqeel, Jaafar and Ali, were three (cousin) brothers of Prophet Muhammad Mustafa (s.a.w.a.).
- Kavi means "wise" and same is the meaning of "Aqeel".
- Samat means "Knowledge" and same is the meaning of "Jaafar".
- Parak means "One who commands High Position", and same is the meaning of "Ali".
The birthplace of Kalki prophet is mentioned as "Shambhal Nagri" - a name given to the Hejaz in Arabia. "Sambhal" means, "Sand" and "Shambhal Nagri" means a country of sand or desert, which fits Arabian Peninsula perfectly.
Regarding Kalki Prophet, it is also written that he will worship in cave. It is well known in Islamic world that Muhammad Mustafa (s.a.w.a.) got his first "Revelation" in the cave of Mount Hira - a desert hill and his chosen place for retreat near Mecca.
Further in "Kalki Puran", it is written that he will receive education through "Prash Ram" which means "Soul of God". It is well known by all Muslims that it was the Angel Gabriel who brought the first revelation to prophet Muhammad Mustafa (s.a.w.a.) in the cave of Mount Hira, Gabriel is called "Ar-Ruh-ul-amin" (The Trustworthy Soul) in Islam.
Further it is written that Kalki prophet will marry the daughter of the king of Shambhal Deep. Thus Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.a.) married the wealthiest woman of Arab, named Khadijah. It is also written that Kalki prophet will migrate to the hills of North. Thus on the command of God, Prophet Muhammad Mustafa (s.a.w.a.) and to migrate from Mecca to Madina which is in the North.
FROM OTHER BOOKS
Late Molvi Abdur-Rehman Chishti has given many quotations from other Purans and even Veds. Some of them are translated here from Muqaddama Tafsir Anwarul-Ouran: -
All these predictions in clear words from beginning to end are about Mohammad Mustafa (s.a.w.a.). They have not been applicable to any other person, nor there can be any objection from Hindus regarding its consistency.
- Athruben Ved: Lailaha Harni Papan Illallaha Param Padam Janm Baikunth Birap newti to Jane nam Muhammadam. Translation: Saying 'La Ilah' removes the sins Saying Illallha' bestows Parm Padwi
If you want Paradise eternal Always recite the name 'Muhammad'.
- The founder of Arya Samaj, Dyanand Sarswati, had to admit in his book, 'Satyarth parkash' (Chapter 14; p. 739) that alloo Upnishad mentions the name of 'Muhammad' as Rasul. He contends that someone, in the days of Akbar (the Moghul emperor), must have added it in the Athrubin Ved, then he writes: "Someone may say that how can you claim it when nobody has said or written so in all these days; how can we accept your claim (of later addition) without any proof? But this claim cannot be wrong by non-acceptance of anyone." What a claim! And what a proof!
- Bhonik Uttar Puran: Vyas Rishi, the author of Ramayan, writes in Bhonik Puran: "In the days to come MAHAMAT will come; and it is his sign that cloud will always protect him from the sun; his body will have no shadow; fly will not sit on his body; the earth will be folded for him (i.e. he will Journey to far away places in very short time); ... whatever he will earn, will spend in the way of God, and himself will eat but a little ... whoever will follow that book (i.e., Qur'an) will reach to God. At that time there will be no other path to reach to God."
OLD AND NEWTESTAMENTS
Now we come to the Jewish and Christian scriptures. Before giving some of the prophecies from the Bible, one important thing should be made clear from the start.
It is the common practice of the Jews and Christians to translate even the proper names, thus wherever they find the name 'Muhammad', they translate it as 'the praiseworthy', lovely, or words like that. This practice has helped them in 'hiding the truth' from the world, as the people reading the translations can never suspect that the sentence refers to a certain person. Now, if others follow that practice, a non-english speaking person will translate the name of 'Livingstone' as a 'stone, which was alive'. Then he will elaborate on this theme and will try to prove that in 19th century, stones in Europe had life, and one of such stones had come to Africa and had traveled up to Kigoma and Ujiji.
Add to it, the frequent changes and alterations which the Christians are so wont to make in the Old and New Testaments, and then you can appreciate the true position.
BOOK OF GENESIS
Anyhow, let us begin from Genesis. I will use the King James Version throughout this chapter.
Genesis 17:20, records the promise of God with Prophet Ibrahim: "And as for Ishmael, I have heard thee: Behold, I have blessed him, and will make him fruitful, and will multiply him exceedingly; twelve princes shall be beget, and I will make him a great nation."
The prayer referred to in this sentence, is given in detail in many places in Qur'an, which runs as follows:
And remember Abraham and Isma'il raised the foundations of the House (With this prayer): "Our Lord! Accept (this service) from us: For Thou art the All-Hearing, the All-knowing." Holy Qur'an (2:127) "Our Lord! send amongst them a Messenger of their own, who shall rehearse Thy Signs to them and instruct them in scripture and wisdom, and sanctify them: For Thou art the Exalted in Might, the Wise." Holy Qur'an (2:129)
Now coming to the wording of Genesis: in this present form this sentence mentions only 12 mains. But in its original language it clearly gives the name of the Holy Prophet also.
"God promised to Prophet Musa (a.s.): "The Lord thy God will raise up unto thee a Prophet from the midst of thee, of thy brethren, like unto me; unto him ye shall hearken." (18:15)
"I will raise them up a prophet from among their brethren, like unto three, and will put my words in his mouth; and he shall speak unto them all that I shall command him. And it shall come to pass, that whosoever will not hearken unto my words, which he shall speak in my name. I will require it of him." (18:18-19)
Christians try to fit this prophecy on Prophet Eesa (a.s.). But it fits to nobody except Prophet Muhammad Mustafa (s.a.w.a.), because: -
1. The prophet was to come from among the brethren of Israel; any prophet coming from Bani Israel is therefore excluded from this good tiding. Now, as we know, Prophet Eesa (a.s.) was from Bani Israel, while Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.s.) was from Bani Ismael who were the brethren of Bani Israel.
2. The prophet was to be 'like unto Moses.' Prophet Musa (a.s.) had to make war, and Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.a.) also had to defend himself through war. But Prophet Eesa (a.s.) did never enter a war.
3. Prophet Musa (a.s.) had a brother Haroon (Aaron), who was to succeed him. No such brother was to Prophet Eesa (a.s.) while Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.a.) had Ali Bin Abi Talib (a.s.) Whom he said "Thou art to me as Aaron was to Moses, except that there is no prophet after me."
4. Prophet Musa (a.s.) left the religious Leadership to the children of Aaron. Prophet Eesa (a.s.) did not make such arrangement. Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.a.) made similar arrangement in his Ummat by leaving Islam in the hands of Ali and his children, Hasan and Hussain.
5. " ... and will put my words in his mouth; and he shall speak upto them all that I shall command him." This criterion fits Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.a.) only, because Prophet Eesa (a.s.) did not claim if for himself, while Allah said in the Qur'an for Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.a.) "Nor does he speak out of desire. It is naught but revelation that is revealed." (53:3-4)
6. Prophet Eesa (a.s.) did never claim that he was the promised Prophet of this sentence, while Allah mentioned this similarity between Prophet Musa (a.s.) and Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.a.) in the Qur'an in the verse, "Verily, we sent unto you an Apostle, a witness on you, as we sent an Apostle unto Pharao."
7. Prophet Eesa (a.s.) did not claim that he was the like of Moses, while Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.a.) said to Ali Bin Talib (a.s.) "Thou art to me as Aaron was to Moses, except that there is no prophet after me."
8. Prophet Eesa (a.s.) himself said that the prophet who was to come after him will fulfill this prophecy. See the following sentences of John: "How be it when he, the Spirit of Truth, is come, he will guide you into all truth: for he shall not speak of himself; but whatsoever he shall hear, that shall he speak."
"And he (i.e., Moses) said, The Lord came from Sinai, and rose up from Seir unto them; he shined forth from mount Paran, and he came with ten thousands of saints: from his right hand went a fiery law for them." (Deut., 33:2)
The coming of Lord means coming of God's Representatives. Now the prophet of God who came from Sinai, was Prophet Musa (a.s.); that who rose from Seir (a mountain in Palestine) is Prophet Eesa (a.s.). And who is the prophet who shined forth from mount Paran? Paran is the name of a mountain in Mecca. The Prophet of God who shined forth from there is none except Muhammad Mustafa (s.a.w.a.)
"Sing unto the Lord a new song, and his praise from the end of the earth ..."(42:10).
The old malady of translating the proper name has made this prophecy meaningless. In an Armenian translation, written in 1666 and published in 1733, it has been translated as: "They sing unto the Lord a new song; and his kingdom continues after him; and his name is Ahmad." (Now the name Ahmad has been translated as meaning 'his praise').
Anyhow, in this prophecy, a new song unto the Lord means a new shariat from God, which fits the Holy Prophet of Islam; but not so much on Prophet Eesa (a.s.).
The vision of Nabi Habakkuk says: "God came from Teman and the Holy One from mount Paran. Selah ... his ways are everlasting." (3:3-6)
I do not think there is any need to elaborate this prophecy, which is so clear. The representative of Lord who came from Paran was Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.a.) and all other attributes can easily be fitted on him.
Allama Fakhrul-lslam Muhammad Sadique (formerly a Christian priest) has explained more than 30 prophecies from the Old Testament.
FROM NEW TESTAMENT
(A) "THAT PROPHET"
"And this is the record to John (i.e., the Baptist) when the Jews sent priests and Levites from Jerusalem to ask him, Who art thou?
"And he confessed, and denied not; but confessed, I am not the Christ.
"And they asked him, What then? Art thou Elias? and he saith, I am not. Art thou that Prophet? And he answered, No." (John 1:19-21)
This talk clearly shows that just before the advent of Prophet Eesa (a.s.) (Jesus Christ), the Jews were waiting for three prophets: Christ, Elias and 'that Prophet.'
And when John said that he was neither of the three, then: "And they asked him, and said unto him, why baptizest thou then, if thou be not that Christ, nor Elias, neither that Prophet?" (John 1:25)
It also shows that 'that Prophet' commanded such a high respect that his name was not uttered and his adjective 'Prophet' is written with a capital 'P'. And his advent was so well understood that simply addressing him as 'that Prophet' was enough to know him.
And many scholars believe that 'Elias' means Hazrat Ali (a.s.) who was appointed the successor of the Hoy Prophet, Muhammad Mustafa (s.a.w.a.).
Prophet Eesa (a.s.) is recorded, as saying to his 12 companions: It is expedient for you that I go away; for if I go not away, the Comforter will not come unto you; but if I depart, I will send him unto you. And when he is come, he will reprove the world of sin, and of righteousness, and of judgement: Of sin, because they believe not on me; of righteousness, because I go to my Father, and ye see me no more; of judgement, because the prince of this world is judged.
"I have yet many things to say unto you, but ye cannot bear them now. How be it when he, the Spirit of truth, is come, he will guide you into all truth: for he shall not speak of himself; but whatsoever he shall ear, that shall he seak: and he will show you things to come."
"He shall glorify me: for he shall receive of mine, and shall show it unto you." (John 18:7-14)
Similar references have been recorded in John, 14:26 and 15:26.
I do not think there is any need to explain how perfectly well these prophecies of Prophet Eesa (a.s.) fit on the Holy Prophet of Islam (s.a.w.a.).
There are more than thirty prophecies mentioned in "Anisul-Aalaam."
Now you may clearly understand the meaning of the following verses of the Qur'an:
"The people of the Book know this (i.e., Muhammad) (s.a.w.a.) as they know their own sons; but some of them conceal the truth which they themselves know." (2:146)
"Those who follow the Apostle, the unlettered Prophet, whom they find mentioned in their own scriptures in the Torah and the Gospel ...(7:157)
"Although from old days they (the Jews) had prayed for victory against those without faith, when there came to them that (i.e., Muhammad) (s.a.w.a.) whom they did recognise, they refused to believe in him..." (2:89)
By: Seyeed Saeed Akhtar Rizvi, Courtesy: World Islamic Network